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Tuesday, June 17, 2008

travel destinations of austria

The capital of Austria, Vienna, was once the citadel of Habsburgs who ruled the country for over 600 years. The city is an architectural gem and a center of music from the medieval times. The Hofburg (Imperial Palace) and the adjoining Augustinian Church are two of the marvels of architecture. Other notable sights in Vienna include the Museum of Fine Arts, Belvedere Palace, and the Sigmund Freud Museum. {Salzburg}, the city that gave Mozart to the world, is a picturesque abode surrounded by tall mountains. Your tour of {Salzburg} is incomplete without a visit to the 11th-century Hohensalzburg Castle, the Museum of Fine Arts, and St. Peter's Abbey. Four kilometres to the south of {Salzburg} is the interesting Hellbrunn Palace whose grounds contain trick fountains and water-powered figures.
There is a story that when Salzburg was liberated at the end of World War II by the Rainbow Division of the Allied Forces, its commander, Harry J. Collins, was so captivated by the extraordinary sight of the city and its Alpine surroundings that he asked to be buried there upon his death. His wish was fulfilled in 1966, when he was given a grave of honour in St. Peter's Cemetery. Apart from its architectural and scenic beauty, Salzburg is also famous for its greatest son, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, the greatest musician of the 18th century. Salzburg is capital of the province by the same name and also the fourth largest city of Austria. Located on the both sides of river Salzach, the city is situated near the Southern Germany border in Central Austria. With a history of more than 2,000 years, Salzburg prides on its great heritage and role in the future of modern Europe. Salzburg was not the original name of the city. Before this, it was named as Iuvavum, an administrative centre during the Roman times. Salzburg literally means Salt Castle. This was because of the large deposits of the salt and mineral ores in the surrounding area of Salzburg. The city today is a major tourist destination and the site of the famed Salzburg Festival.