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Friday, June 20, 2008

Egypt


The Nile and an isolated location significantly aided the formation of one of the world's greatest civilisations. Egypt was founded in around 3200 BC by King Namer. This dynasty continued to rule for three more millennia. The Thirtieth, and last, Dynasty fell to Persians in 343 BC. The Persians designed and built the Suez Canal, connecting the Red Sea to the Mediterranean. The Persians were defeated in 332 BC by the Greeks who held onto Egypt until Antony and Cleopatra fell to Augustus Caesar in 31 BC. The Romans were finally defeated by the Byzantines in 395 AD and ruled until 641 AD when the Persians finally managed to recapture the land. The religion of Islam and the Arabic language was brought over by Muslim Arabs in the 7th century.
Egypt began to prosper and grew significantly in size and importance over the next few millennia. With the completion of the Suez Canal in 1869, the country became an important world transportation hub. The country saw its wealth and status rise dramatically. Unfortunately, this new-found wealth was short lived because in 1882, due to large debt, Egypt was seized by Britain. Egypt continued under British rule until 1953, when on June 18th, the country became a republic.

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